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Cerebrovascular Diseases

What is it?

Cerebrovascular diseases are a group of conditions that affect the blood vessels supplying the brain. These conditions can disrupt blood flow to the brain, leading to various neurological symptoms and potentially life-threatening complications. Common cerebrovascular diseases include stroke, transient ischemic attack (TIA), and cerebral aneurysms.


Symptoms of cerebrovascular diseases depend on the specific condition but may include sudden weakness or numbness on one side of the body, difficulty speaking or understanding speech, severe headache, dizziness or loss of balance, and vision changes.


Primary Symptoms:

The primary symptoms of cerebrovascular diseases may include:

  • Sudden Weakness or Numbness: Weakness or numbness in the face, arm, or leg, typically on one side of the body, may indicate a stroke or TIA.
  • Difficulty Speaking: Slurred speech, difficulty finding words, or difficulty understanding speech may occur with stroke or TIA.
  • Severe Headache: Sudden, severe headache, often described as the worst headache of one’s life, may indicate a ruptured cerebral aneurysm.
  • Vision Changes: Blurred vision, double vision, or loss of vision in one or both eyes may occur with stroke or TIA.



  • Diagnosis typically involves a thorough neurological examination, medical history, imaging studies such as CT scans, MRI, or angiography, and sometimes blood tests to evaluate the extent and cause of the cerebrovascular disease.
  • Treatment options vary depending on the specific condition but may include medication (such as blood thinners or clot-busting drugs), lifestyle modifications (such as smoking cessation, exercise, and diet changes), minimally invasive procedures (such as angioplasty or stenting), or surgery (such as clot removal or aneurysm clipping).


What to Expect After Surgery:

  • After surgery for cerebrovascular diseases, patients can expect relief from symptoms such as weakness, speech difficulties, or headaches, and reduced risk of complications such as stroke recurrence or aneurysm rupture.
  • Recovery time varies depending on the type of surgery performed and the individual patient’s condition, but most patients can expect to gradually improve over several weeks to months.
  • Rehabilitation, including physical therapy, occupational therapy, and speech therapy, may be necessary to help regain function and independence.


Risk & Complications:

  • As with any surgery, there are risks associated with procedures to treat cerebrovascular diseases, including bleeding, infection, blood vessel injury, stroke, and complications related to anesthesia.
  • Additionally, there may be a risk of procedural complications such as blood clot formation, blood vessel perforation, or incomplete treatment of the underlying condition.

However, complications are relatively rare, and the benefits of treatment often outweigh the risks, particularly when cerebrovascular diseases are causing significant symptoms or putting the patient at risk of serious complications such as stroke or aneurysm rupture. Early detection and treatment can improve outcomes and reduce the risk of long-term disability or death.

Brain Treatments

About Dr. Bharat

Dr Bharat Shinde completed his M.Ch Neurosurgery from the National Institute Of Mental Health And Neurosciences (NIMHANS), Bangalore which is an institute of National importance.